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Comparing Tobacco and Alcohol Policies From a Health Systems Perspective: The Cases of the Philippines and Singapore

This study, published in the International Journal of Public Health, provides a comparative analysis of current tobacco and alcohol control laws and policies in the Philippines and Singapore.

The study used a public health law framework that incorporates a system approach using a scorecard to assess the progress of the Philippines and Singapore in tobacco and alcohol control according to SDG indicators, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, and the WHO Global Strategy to Reduce Harmful Use of Alcohol. Data from both scientific literature and government documents were also collected.


Despite health system differences, both the Philippines (73.5) and Singapore (86.5) scored high for tobacco control, but both countries received weak (34) and moderate (52.5) scores for alcohol control respectively. Both countries have policy avenues to reinforce restrictions on marketing, improve corporate social responsibility programs, protect policies from the influence of the industry, and reinforce tobacco cessation and preventive measures against alcohol harm. This study was co-authored by Gianna Gayle Amul (RFI) and Jean-Francois Etter (Universite de Geneve).

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